SWAT Ant Control
The process for all ants begins with mating in July or August. This takes place when the males and females take to flight and mate while swarming. This mating can last for 2/3 hours. All males will die off, however the female then bites off her wings and will then either return to her original nesting place or find a new suitable location for her young. Here she will remain until the following spring when she will commence laying her eggs, the process will repeat its cycle once again.
These eggs will start a new nest. Once the eggs have hatched they will then become the workers and tend to the larvae, search for food and also look after the queen. The workers lay scent trails as they move with the effect of guiding the other workers to the food. This process takes the shape of “marching”.
Although ants are not known to carry disease they can cause damage to property by tunneling or burrowing. They can cause cross contamination of food by walking across areas which can be infected.
SWAT Bed Bug Control
Bed bugs are small wingless insects that feed solely on warm blooded animals and humans (37 deg C). Bed bugs appear oval in shape and are a deep brown colour. The female Bed bug can lay up to 5 eggs in a day and up to 500 during a lifetime. Bed bugs seek shelter in dark places such as cracks and crevices, in the mattress beading, the bed frame, and head board or in any habitable furniture nearest to the bed.
Bed bug insects are usually more active at night while the host is asleep. While feeding the Bed bugs inject saliva which can cause a lesion on the skin. Humans should resist the urge to scratch the infected area as this will intensify the infection. Bed bugs will readily survive for months without feeding. They can however “Spread their infestation” through adjoining walls to get to other habitable food sources. Bed bugs are a very resilient creature and can easily get caught up in furniture, clothing or luggage and be transported form one bed to another.
Bed bugs have not commonly been linked to the transmission of any disease and are not regarded as a medical threat. Some individuals however, can get skin infections and scars from scratching bitten areas. They can also be a cause of stress, alarm and distress.
SWAT Brown Rat Control
The brown rat is also known as common or sewer rats. The life expectancy of a wild rat is approx 10-14 months. During this time a female can breed 5 to 7 times with litter sizes between 6 and 12 young each time. Breeding occurs all year round and it is possible for a breeding pair to be responsible for up to 800 young.
They are excellent climbers and are well known for their ability to swim very well. They tend to stay within a home range of about 15 to 30 metres but if there is a shortage of a regular food source they are prepared to travel up to 1km. The brown rat, common rat, street rat, sewer rat, Hanover rat, Norway rat, brown Norway rat, Norwegian rat, or wharf rat (Rattus norvegicus) is one of the best known and most common rats.
They are known to carry certain diseases such as Weils , Salmonella and rat bite fever. The bacteria can enter the body through cuts in the skin and also through contact with contaminated water.
Rats are primarily nocturnal but may be active during daylight hours when the population is high. They will eat nearly any type of food such as cereal, grains, meats, fish and nuts. Food items from household rubbish offer a balanced diet and usually satisfies their moisture needs. Rats have poor eyesight and depend on hearing and their excellent sense of smell.
Cockroach Bed Bug Control
The German cockroach is the most common cockroach in this part of the world. It can be found in homes, apartments, restaurants, hospitals or other buildings where food is stored. The adult cockroach are pale brown in color. Adults are winged but rarely fly. Under ideal conditions they can live for up to 12 months.
The female cockroach carries an egg case containing up to 40 eggs and can produce up to 8 cases per year. So in a favorable location a cockroach can produce up to 400 offspring. cockroaches are nocturnal and will run away when exposed to a light source. If they are appearing during daylight hours this can mean an excessively heavy infestation. cockroaches are capable of living for up to a month without food. Their favorite hiding and breeding places are cracks and crevices.
German cockroaches will cause troublesome infestations which develop rapidly after the introduction of a few individuals. cockroaches can be brought in with the groceries or might even migrate from a nearby infested dwelling. cockroaches normally inhabit the kitchen or bathroom. cockroaches can often be found behind the likes of the fridge, dishwasher or washing machine.
Cockroaches are perhaps the most disagreeable insects to inhabit our space. In addition to their repulsive and annoying characteristics, they eat and contaminate human food. Foraging or feeding cockroaches spread human disease by depositing organisms on our food, dishes any other household items.
SWAT Flea Control
Adult fleas are dark mahogany in colour. Fleas can generally be found in carpets, bedding, under furniture, birds’ nests and where pets are living. 70% of the complaints to do with fleas are as a result of the cat flea but there are more than 3000 known flea species.
Fleas are the insects forming the order Siphonaptera. They are wingless, with mouth-parts adapted for piercing skin and sucking blood. Fleas are external parasites, living by hematophagy off the blood of mammals and birds.
Fleas feed on blood and after each feed the female will lay 4 to 8 eggs in the fur or the bedding of the host. Typical infested cat bedding could have 8000 eggs and 2000 adult fleas. A single flea female is capable of producing 1000eggs in her lifespan which can last up to 2 years.
After 1 week the eggs hatch. Then after 2/3 weeks of growing they spin a tiny cocoon. They can then remain dormant for up to 8 months in this state until the vibrations of a host can be felt and cause them to hatch and leap on to the host.
Although fleas are generally known to carry disease there is little evidence to suggest that they transmit any serious illness. Flea bites are more likely to cause skin irritation.
Home Mouse Control
A mouse is a small mammal belonging to the order of rodents, characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, and a long naked or almost hairless tail. The best known mouse species is the common house mouse. It is also a popular pet.
The home mouse is usually brown or grey in colour. Mice will eat pretty much most types of food available but they do have a preference for cereals. They breed even more rapidly than rats. Each female can have between 4 and 16 young each time and up to 10 litters per year. Their reproduction in theory could produce nearly 2000 offspring in a year from a breeding pair.
They need to gnaw to keep their teeth down and this results in razor sharp teeth which allows them to chew through soft metal, wood and even some types of stone. Mice live for about 12 months. Because of the fact that they do not have a need for a ready supply of water they can quite comfortably live indoors.
Mice can be responsible for the spread of salmonella. As they travel along they dribble urine as they are moving. It is essential therefore to disinfect the general area if you are suspicious about having an infestation in your home or workplace.
SWAT House Fly Control
The house fly or (Common fly) can live for up to 15 to 20 days. The female house fly will lay her eggs in batches on average between 75 – 150 per batch. In her lifetime the house fly will lay 5/6 batches. The eggs are laid in moist material and the lava (maggots) will hatch in about 8 – 20 hours depending on conditions houseflies usually stay within 1 to 2 miles of their release point. During the day the house fly tends to stay less than 1.5 meters from the ground. At night they tend to rest above that height and usually nearer their feeding point.
Worldwide people have been known to die from diseases from flies, such as food poisoning, diarrhea and dysentery. As a result of this people should keep foodstuffs covered when flies are about because of the risk of contamination.
Flies in a food premises can be responsible for poor client relations or even loss of business.
The housefly (also house fly, house-fly or common housefly), Musca domestica, is a fly of the suborder Cyclorrhapha. It is the most common of all domestic flies, accounting for about 91% of all flies in human habitations, and indeed one of the most widely distributed insects, found all over the world. It is considered a pest that can carry serious diseases.
SWAT Moth Control
A moth is an insect related to the butterfly, both being of the order Lepidoptera. Most of this order are moths; there are thought to be approximately 160,000 species of moth, with many species yet to be described. Most species of moth are nocturnal, but there are also crepuscular and diurnal species.
While moths do not pose a health risk, they are a pest in homes because of the severe damage their larvae cause to clothes, fabrics, furs, leather and carpets.
This damage may continue for many weeks after moth caterpillars have hatched. Serious harm may have been done before numbers of flying moths are seen and so prevention of a moth problem is important.
SWAT Pigeon Control
Pigeons are filthy birds, causing disease and damage. pigeon droppings are known for triggering human slips and falls, as well as accelerating the aging of structures and statues. More seriously, pigeons may carry diseases such as cryptococcosis, toxoplasmosis, salmonella, food poisoning, and more.
Also, pigeon droppings may harbor the growth of fungus which causes histoplasmosis. Other pests may live on these birds, including fleas, lice, mites, ticks, and other pests. Pests may also infest nests such as stored product pests.
Pigeons and doves constitute the bird clade Columbidae, that includes about 310 species. They are stout-bodied birds with short necks, and have short, slender bills with fleshy ceres. Doves feed on seeds, fruits, and plants. This family occurs worldwide, but the greatest variety is in the Indomalaya and Australasia ecozones.
In general, the terms “dove” and “pigeon” are used somewhat interchangeably. Pigeon derives from the Latin pipio, for a “peeping” chick, while dove is a Germanic word that refers to the bird’s diving flight. In ornithological practice, “dove” tends to be used for smaller species and “pigeon” for larger ones, but this is in no way consistently applied, and historically, the common names for these birds involve a great deal of variation between the terms. The species most commonly referred to as “pigeon” is the Feral Rock Pigeon, common in many cities.
Doves and pigeons build relatively flimsy nests from sticks and other debris, which may be placed in trees, on ledges, or on the ground, depending on species. They lay one or two eggs, and both parents care for the young, which leave the nest after seven to 28 days. Unlike most birds, both sexes of doves and pigeons produce “crop milk” to feed to their young, secreted by a sloughing of fluid-filled cells from the lining of the crop. Young doves and pigeons are called “squabs”.
SWAT Silverfish Control
Lepisma saccharina, frequently called a silverfish or fishmoth, is a small, wingless insect in the order Thysanura. Its common name derives from the animal’s silvery light grey and blue colour, combined with the fish-like appearance of its movements, while the scientific name (L. saccharina) indicates the silverfish’s diet of carbohydrates such as sugar or starches.
Silverfish are considered to be among the most damaging of pests because of their ability to rapidly multiply and destroy property.
In urban environments, Silverfish will continually feast upon whatever sugars and starches that they can find in the home, and are quick to move around the house in search of food when they are unable to locate food in their present area. One silverfish may have as many as sixty six offspring over the course of their lifetime.
SWAT Spider Control
Indoors, spiders are sometimes found on firewood, linen and vegetation that came from outside. Spiders can also be found around windows or near outdoor lighting. Spiders prefer these places because their food source, other insects are there. Spiders are known to produce silk spun by small protrusions called spinnerets, located at the tip of the abdomen.
The female Spider can lay up to fifty eggs together in a silk pouch, and reproduce 9 pouches of eggs per season. When environmental conditions are adequate, the pouches hatch after a week. Growth of spider lings is by successive moults of the exoskeleton.
Spiders (order Araneae) are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject venom. They are the largest order of arachnids and rank seventh in total species diversity among all other groups of organisms.
Spiders use a wide range of strategies to capture prey: trapping it in sticky webs, lassoing it with sticky bolas, mimicking the prey to avoid detection, or running it down. Most detect prey mainly by sensing vibrations, but the active hunters have acute vision, and hunters of the genus Portia show signs of intelligence in their choice of tactics and ability to develop new ones. Spiders’ guts are too narrow to take solids, and they liquidize their food by flooding it with digestive enzymes and grinding it with the bases of their pedipalps, as they do not have true jaws.
SWAT Wasp Control
A Wasps nests can appear wherever the queen decides to build a nest. Places like garden sheds, cavity walls, rolls of disused carpets or even the attic are all likely places to find an active wasps nest. The fertilized queens will hibernate over the winter months and with the emergence of spring will find a suitable nesting site and lay 10-20 eggs. She looks after these eggs herself until they emerge as sterile female workers, these wasp workers then take on the responsibility of looking after the maintenance and growth of the nest whilst the queen continues to rapidly grow the size of the colony. The peak of the wasp nest is usually in September/ October depending on temperatures and can produce between 5 and 10 thousand wasps within the colony.
At this time the fertile male and female wasp will be laid. As these mate the females will become next year’s queens. This process will starts all over again into the following year.
The term wasp is typically defined as any insect of the order Hymenoptera and suborder Apocrita that is neither a bee nor an ant. Almost every pest insect species has at least one wasp species that preys upon it or parasitizes it, making wasps critically important in natural control of their numbers, or natural biocontrol. Parasitic wasps are increasingly used in agricultural pest control as they prey mostly on pest insects and have little impact on crops.Wasps can be eaten by many other types of insects, including those of the genus crematogaster.